American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation and the Canadian Blood and Marrow Transplant Group

View all recommendations from this society

January 30, 2018

Don’t routinely use peripheral blood stem cells for patients with aplastic anemia when a suitable bone marrow donor is available due to a higher risk of graft-versus-host disease.

While faster engraftment with filgrastim-mobilized peripheral blood stem cells results in quicker recovery of peripheral blood counts compared to bone marrow in patients with aplastic anemia, the higher rate of graft-versus-host disease may be detrimental.


These items are provided solely for informational purposes and are not intended as a substitute for consultation with a medical professional. Patients with any specific questions about the items on this list or their individual situation should consult their physician.

How The List Was Created

The American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (ASBMT) and Canadian Blood and Marrow Transplant Group (CBMTG) established a Choosing Wisely BMT Task Force whose objective was to create a list of top five practices in blood and marrow transplantation to be questioned. The Task Force consisted of representatives from ASBMT’s Quality Outcomes, Education, and Practice Guidelines Committees, ASBMT’s Pharmacy Special Interest Group, CBMTG Program Directors, and Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR). Suggestions for current transplantation practices to question were elicited from the CBMTG Program Directors, members of ASBMT’s Quality Outcomes, Practice Guidelines and Education committees, and chairs of the CIBMTR scientific working committees. Suggestions were ranked based on their potential impact on harm reduction, cost reduction, necessity of the test or practice, and the strength of available evidence. Through a modified Delphi process, suggestions were narrowed down to six, which were then subjected to systematic reviews. After further discussion by the Task Force, the final five recommendations were generated.

Sources

Killick SB, Bown N, Cavenagh J, et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of adult aplastic anaemia. British journal of Haematology. 2016;172:187-207.

Barone A, Lucarelli A, Onofrillo D, et al. Diagnosis and management of acquired aplastic anemia in childhood. Guidelines from the Marrow Failure Study Group of the Pediatric Haemato-Oncology Italian Association (AIEOP). Blood cells, Molecules & Diseases. 2015;55:40-47.