Society of Surgical Oncology

View all recommendations from this society

Released July 12, 2016

Don’t routinely use breast MRI for breast cancer screening in average risk women.

MRI screening should be reserved for those at increased risk. Women considered at high risk include: known BRCA gene mutation carriers; first-degree relatives of known BRCA gene mutation carriers; those with a lifetime risk exceeding 20% as measured by risk-assessment tools based primarily on family history of breast cancer; and those with a clinical history associated with a significant risk for breast cancer, including women who received mantle radiation before the age of 30.


How The List Was Created

The Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) maintains disease site workgroups (DSWGs) to represent the various disease sites associated with surgical oncology.

The DSWGs are comprised of experts in the following disease sites: gastrointestinal, melanoma/sarcoma, breast, hepatobiliary, endocrine/head & neck and colorectal. The SSO Quality Committee initiated the Choosing Wisely measure development process by asking the DSWGs to identify tests or procedures commonly used in their respective areas of expertise whose necessity should be questioned and discussed. The Quality Committee received submissions from all six disease sites; however, because the list was limited to five measures, the Committee felt it was precluded from incorporating measures representing all disease sites. As a means of refining the list of Choosing Wisely measures, the Quality Committee elected to include the five measures impacting the largest number of patients. The draft list was reduced significantly – eliminating the endocrine, hepatobiliary, and sarcoma measures. The five measures were selected from the breast, colorectal and melanoma sets. These five measures were submitted to and approved by the SSO Executive Council.

Quality Committee Members

  • Sandra Wong, MD, MS, Chair
  • David Shibata, MD, Vice Chair
  • Dave Bentrem, MD
  • Ned Carp, MD
  • Fabian Johnston, MD, MHS
  • Tari King, MD
  • Larissa Temple, MD
  • Sharon Weber, MD

Sources

Saslow D, Boetes C, Burke W, Harms S, Leach MO, Lehman CD, Morris E, Pisano E, Schnall M, Sener S, Smith RA, Warner E, Yaffe M, Andrews KS, Russell CA; American Cancer Society Breast Cancer Advisory Group. American Cancer Society guidelines for breast screening with MRI as an adjunct to mammography. CA Cancer J Clin. 2007 Mar-Apr;57(2):75-89. Erratum in: CA Cancer J Clin. 2007 May-Jun;57(3):185.

Mulder RL, Kremer LC, Hudson MM, Bhatia S, Landier W, Levitt G, Constine LS, Wallace WH, van Leeuwen FE, Ronckers CM, Henderson TO, Dwyer M, Skinner R, Oeffinger KC; International Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Guideline Harmonization Group. Recommendations for breast cancer surveillance for female survivors of childhood, adolescent, and young adult cancer given chest radiation: a report from the International Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Guideline Harmonization Group. Lancet Oncol. 2013 Dec;14(13):e621-9.