The Choosing Wisely lists were created by national medical specialty societies and represent specific, evidence-based recommendations clinicians and patients should discuss. Each list provides information on when tests and procedures may be appropriate, as well as the methodology used in its creation.

In collaboration with the partner organizations, Consumer Reports has created resources for consumers and providers to engage in these important conversations about the overuse of medical tests and procedures that provide little benefit and in some cases harm.

Choosing Wisely recommendations should not be used to establish coverage decisions or exclusions. Rather, they are meant to spur conversation about what is appropriate and necessary treatment. As each patient situation is unique, providers and patients should use the recommendations as guidelines to determine an appropriate treatment plan together.