American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society

View all recommendations from this society

Released September 17, 2014; Revised January 15, 2021

Due to recently published evidence related to alcohol injections for Morton’s neuroma, the AOFAS has withdrawn this recommendation. The topic of alcohol injections remains somewhat controversial with conflicting reports in the literature. Some of the more recent studies are moderately supportive, but long term efficacy remains a concern. Therefore, the AOFAS does not have a formal position as to whether alcohol injections for Morton’s neuroma are efficacious or should be avoided.


These items are provided solely for informational purposes and are not intended as a substitute for consultation with a medical professional. Patients with any specific questions about the items on this list or their individual situation should consult their health care provider.

How The List Was Created

In order to formulate this list, the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society Evidence-Based Medicine Committee reviewed the society position statements on foot and ankle care and solicited expert opinion from specialty leaders to prepare an initial list of topics for the Choosing Wisely website. The Evidence-Based Medicine Committee members reviewed the scientific literature on each statement and presented draft statements with supporting evidence to the committee for discussion. The finalized list was then reviewed and approved by the AOFAS Board of Directors.

For more information, visit www.aofas.org.