American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society

View all recommendations from this society

Released September 17, 2014; Revised January 15, 2021

Don’t perform surgery for plantar fasciitis before trying at least six months of non-operative care.

With six months of consistent, non-operative treatment, plantar fasciitis will resolve up to 97% of the time. Surgery has the possibility of post-operative complications with continued pain.


These items are provided solely for informational purposes and are not intended as a substitute for consultation with a medical professional. Patients with any specific questions about the items on this list or their individual situation should consult their health care provider.

How The List Was Created

In order to formulate this list, the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society Evidence-Based Medicine Committee reviewed the society position statements on foot and ankle care and solicited expert opinion from specialty leaders to prepare an initial list of topics for the Choosing Wisely website. The Evidence-Based Medicine Committee members reviewed the scientific literature on each statement and presented draft statements with supporting evidence to the committee for discussion. The finalized list was then reviewed and approved by the AOFAS Board of Directors.

For more information, visit www.aofas.org.

Sources

Davies MS, Weiss GA, Saxby TS. Plantar fasciitis: how successful is surgical intervention? Foot Ankle Int. 1999;20(12):803–7.
Landorf K. Plantar heel pain and plantar fasciitis. BMJ Clin Evid. 2015 Nov 25;2015:1111.
Wolgin M, Cook C, Graham C, Mauldin D. Conservative treatment of plantar heel pain: long-term follow-up. Foot Ankle Int. 1994;15(3):97–102.