American Association of Neuroscience Nurses, Society of Pediatric Nurses & American Pediatric Surgical Nurses Association, Inc.

View all recommendations from this society

December 1, 2022

Don’t routinely order an EEG on neurologically healthy children who have a simple febrile seizure.

Febrile seizures are the most commonly occurring seizures in the first 60 months of life. Caregiver anxiety can often lead to requests for neurodiagnostic testing. Attention should be directed at finding the cause of fever and treating it. Electroencephalogram (EEG) tests are costly and can increase caregiver and child anxiety without changing the outcome or course of treatment. EEG has not been shown to predict recurrence of febrile seizures or future epilepsy in patients with simple febrile seizures. EEG can be ordered for children that present with afebrile seizures, complex febrile seizures and in children with neurological insult.


These items are provided solely for informational purposes and are not intended as a substitute for consultation with a health professional. Patients with any specific questions about the items on this list or their individual situation should consult their physician or nurse.

How The List Was Created

(1–5 & 8) Members of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses formed a task force to review evidence and make a recommendation of 5–10 things nurses should tell neuroscience patients to consider. AANN’s Special Focus Groups, which are composed of subject matter experts in various subspecialties of neuroscience, were consulted to help identify topics and provide supporting evidence. The task force reviewed the items for possible inclusion to determine the top recommendations. The top recommendations were presented to the AANN Board for review and approval.

(6) SPN initially reached out to several subject matter experts to learn about topic areas where they were aware of both evidence of overuse of health care resources and evidence-based resources to support addressing that overuse. SPN then chose two experts with research experience within the topic area we identified. One served as the main author while the other served as the reviewer. After the initial review was completed, we shared the content with the SPN Board of Directors for further input. Finally, colleagues at the American Academy of Nursing provided a final review.

(7) Once the American Pediatric Surgical Nurses Association, Inc. (APSNA) received an invitation from the Institute of Pediatric Nursing (IPN) to participate in the initiative, the APSNA Board was queried to identify pediatric nursing practices that should be modified based on evidence. The identified practice was presented to experts from APSNA’s Board of Directors, General Membership and Trauma Special Interest Group (SIG). The preliminary statement was reviewed and revised by content experts from both within and outside of the organization. Subsequently, the statement was submitted to the APSNA Board for final discussion and review. The final statement was reviewed and approved by the American Academy of Nursing.

Sources

American Academy of Pediatrics Subcommittee on Febrile Seizures. (2011). Febrile seizures: guidelines for the neurodiagnostic evaluation of the child with a simple febrile seizure. Pediatrics, 127 (2), 389-394.

El-Radhi, A., Sahib, A. (2015).Management of seizures in children. British Journal of Nursing. 24 (3), 152-155.

Graves, R.C., Oehler, K., Tingle, L.E. (2012) Febrile seizures: risks, evaluation, and prognosis. American Family Physician. 15(85), 149-153.

Harini, C., Nagarajan, E., Kimia, A., de Carvalho, R., An, S., Bergin, A., Takeoka, M., Pearl, P., Loddenkemper, T. (2015) Utility of initial EEG in first complex febrile seizure. Epilepsy and Behavior. 52 (PT A), 200-204.

Oluwabusi, T., Sood, S.K. (2012) Update on the management of simple febrile seizures: Emphasis on minimal intervention. Current Opinion in Pediatrics. 24 (2) 259-265.