Search Results for: children

Antibiotics for Pink Eye

Pink eye is a common condition, especially in children. It is also called conjunctivitis. The eyes are pink because they are infected or irritated. They may be itchy and teary, with a watery discharge, and swollen, crusty eyelids. Doctors often prescribe antibiotic eye drops or ointments for pink eye. But…

Avoid Unnecessary Treatments in the ER

…help the doctor determine if your injury is minor. This can help you avoid a CT scan. CT scans have risks and cost a lot. CT scans use radiation, which can increase the risk of cancer. Children, especially infants, have greater risks because their brains are still developing. Services in…

Treatments to Relieve Chronic Pain

…doctor and make sure you store and dispose of your opioids carefully: Take your opioids exactly as your doctor prescribes and never share them with anyone else. Store your medications in a place where children or others cannot access them. Dispose of your expired, unwanted, and unused medications safely. The…

AAP SOSu – Avoid performing antireflux operations during gastrostomy insertion

…considered only for children who have persistent symptoms despite medical management or are unable to be weaned from medical therapy, many patients undergo surgery without a trial of medical therapy.2 This is especially true in children with cardiac, pulmonary and neurologic comorbidities, for whom some surgeons may recommend prophylactic fundoplication….

AAFP – Voiding cystourethrogram for urinary tract infections in infants

…Women’s and Children’s Health (UK). Urinary tract infection in children: diagnosis, treatment and long-term management. London: RCOG Press; August 2007. 429 p. Westwood ME, Whiting PF, Cooper J, Watt IS, Kleijnen J. Further investigation of confirmed urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under five years: a systematic review. BMC Pediatrics….

AAP – CT scans to evaluate minor head injuries

…Minor head injuries occur commonly in children and adolescents. Approximately 50% of children who visit hospital emergency departments with a head injury are given a CT scan, many of which may be unnecessary. Unnecessary exposure to x-rays poses considerable danger to children including increasing the lifetime risk of cancer because…

AAPCOID-PIDS – Antibiotic therapy for pneumonia in hospitalized patients

1542030647:3 3 November 12, 2018 field_54ad9e6ce06ff Don’t treat uncomplicated community-acquired pneumonia in otherwise healthy, immunized, hospitalized patients with antibiotic therapy broader than ampicillin. field_54b3ece95c4b3 Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) accounts for a significant percentage of antibiotic use in children. Unnecessary use of broadspectrum antibiotics, including cephalosporins such as ceftriaxone, have been shown…

AAP SOSu – Avoid surgery referral for umbilical hernias until age 4-5

1572889798:3 3 November 4, 2019 field_54ad9e6ce06ff Avoid referring most children with umbilical hernias to a pediatric surgeon until around age 4-5 years. field_54b3ece95c4b3 Patients with umbilical hernias may safely be observed until at least age 4 years; at that point pediatric surgical consultation is recommended to discuss surgical repair option….

AAP-POSNA – bracing or surgery for child under 8 with simple in-toeing gait

…Dec 1973;55(8):1726-1738. Lincoln TL. Suen PW. Common rotational variations in children. The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Sep-Oct 2003; 11(5):312-320. Staheli LT. Corbett M. Wyss C, King H. Lower-extremity rotational problems in children. Normal values to guide management. J Bone Joint Surg Am. Jan 1985;67(1):39-47. Svenningsen S….

AAPOS – Vision therapy for dyslexia

1559231129:3 3 Released October 8, 2013; updated May 29, 2019 field_54ad9e6ce06ff Don’t recommend vision therapy for patients with dyslexia. field_54b3ece95c4b3 Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability resulting in difficulties with written and oral language skills, particularly reading. Dyslexia is not due to a vision disorder. Children with dyslexia do not…

AAPOS – Retinal imaging tests withouth symptoms or signs of eye disease

…of Ophthalmology. Ophthalmology. 2004 May;111(5):1055–62. field_54b3fb640c91b field_54beabaeb4a28 49 48 field_54b803304ba6a 58 field_54b803574ba6b 26 field_54b8037f4ba6c 28 field_54bd1b1564140 3558 field_5bc7896c42ca4 5015 9946 field_5bc789c4e5309 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus advises against retinal imaging test for children without symptoms or signs of eye disease. AAPOS – Avoid retinal imaging test for children